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Law Resources: Competition

EUR-Lex: Summaries of EU Legislation: Competition  

Free competition is a key element of an open market economy. It stimulates economic performance and offers consumers a broader choice of better-quality products and services and at more competitive prices. European Union competition policy ensures that competition is not distorted in the internal market by ensuring that similar rules apply to all companies operating within in it. Title VII, chapter 1 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union lays down the basis for Community rules on competition. State aid is prohibited under the Treaty, although exceptions exist because such aid may be justified by, for example, services of general economic interest. It must be demonstrated that they do not distort competition in such a way as to be contrary to the public interest.

Europa: European Commission: DG Competition  

Includes EU news and documents, links to cases and legislation relating to antitrust, mergers and liberalisation, directory of national authorities.

The Directory: Courts and Tribunals: Tribunals

Competition Appeal Tribunal (CAT)  

Hears appeals against decisions of the Director General of Fair Trading (OFT) and the Regulators of utilities. Includes judgments since May 2001 (draft only), practice directions, rules and guides to procedure.

The Directory: Government Departments

The Directory: Government Departments: Non-ministerial

Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem)  Live bookmark  

The Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem) regulates the monopoly companies which run the gas and electricity networks. It takes decisions on price controls and enforcement, acting in the interests of consumers and helping the industries to achieve environmental improvements. Ofgem is a non-ministerial department of the Department of Energy & Climate Change

Press release: Loyal energy customers to pay fair price from today
Guidance: Combined heat and power quality assurance (CHPQA) standard
Policy paper: Energy network codes review
News story: Non-executive director appointment to Ofgem
Policy paper: Upgrading our energy system: smart systems and flexibility plan
Press release: Projects lay the groundwork for a future of robolawyers and flying cars
News story: Martin Cave confirmed as Ofgem Chair
Corporate report: Ofgem annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

The Directory: Public Bodies C

Competition and Markets Authority  

We work to promote competition for the benefit of consumers, both within and outside the UK. Our aim is to make markets work well for consumers, businesses and the economy. CMA is a non-ministerial department.

Competition Service  

The Competition Service (CS) hears appeals on rulings by the Office of Fair Trading and the regulators of the telecommunications, electricity, gas, water, railways and air traffic services, under the Competition Act 1998 and other legislation. It also reviews decisions made by the Secretary of State, the OFT and the Competition Commission in respect of merger and market references. The government proposes to close, merge or reform this body as part of the Public Bodies Reform Programme. CS is an executive non-departmental public body of the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills

The Directory: Regulators

Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem)  

Ofgem is the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets. We are a non-ministerial government department and an independent National Regulatory Authority, recognised by EU Directives. Our principal objective when carrying out our functions is to protect the interests of existing and future electricity and gas consumers. We do this in a variety of ways including: promoting value for money promoting security of supply and sustainability, for present and future generations of consumers, domestic and industrial users the supervision and development of markets and competition regulation and the delivery of government schemes. We work effectively with, but are independent of, government, the energy industry and other stakeholders within a legal framework determined by the UK government and the European Union.